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Four principles of bio-musicology. 📎

Abstract Title: Four principles of bio-musicology. Abstract Source: Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2015 Mar 19 ;370(1664):20140091. PMID: 25646514 Abstract Author(s): W Tecumseh Fitch Article Affiliation: W Tecumseh Fitch Abstract: As a species-typical trait of Homo sapiens, musicality represents a cognitively complex and biologically grounded capacity worthy of intensive empirical investigation. Four principles are suggested here as prerequisites for a successful future discipline of bio-musicology. These involve adopting: (i) a multicomponent approach which recognizes that musicality is built upon a suite of interconnected capacities, of which none is primary; (ii) a pluralistic Tinbergian perspective that addresses and places equal weight on questions of mechanism, ontogeny, phylogeny and function; (iii) a comparative approach, which seeks and investigates animal homologues or analogues of specific components of musicality, wherever they can be found; and (iv) an ecologically motivated perspective, which recognizes the need to study widespread musical behaviours across a range of human cultures (and not focus solely on Western art music or skilled musicians). Given their pervasiveness, dance and music created for dancing should be considered central subcomponents of music, as should folk tunes, work songs, lullabies and children's songs. Although the precise breakdown of capacities required by the multicomponent approach remains open to debate, and different breakdowns may be appropriate to different purposes, I highlight four core components of human musicality--song, drumming, social synchronization and dance--as widespread and pervasive human abilities spanning across cultures, ages and levels of expertise. Each of these has interesting parallels in the animal kingdom (often analogies but in some cases apparent homologies also). Finally, I suggest that the search for universal capacities underlying human musicality, neglected for many years, should be renewed. The broad framework presented here illustrates the potential for a future discipline of bio-musicology as a rich field for interdisciplinary and comparative research. Article Published Date : Mar 18, 2015

The effects of mothers' singing on full-term and preterm infants and maternal emotional responses.

Abstract Title: The effects of mothers' singing on full-term and preterm infants and maternal emotional responses. Abstract Source: J Music Ther. 2008;45(3):273-306. PMID: 18959452 Abstract Author(s): Andrea M Cevasco Abstract: The purpose of this research was to determine the effects of mothers' singing on their adjustment to and bonding with their new infants as well as use of music in the home environment in the first 2 weeks after their infants' birth. Preterm mothers were assessed for coping with their infants' NICU stay, and premature infants' length of hospitalization was evaluated. Fifty-four full-term infants and mothers and 20 premature infants and 16 mothers were randomly assigned to experimental or control conditions. Mothers in both experimental groups were recorded singing songs of their choice for use at home. Recordings of each preterm mother's voice were played 20 minutes per day, 3 to 5 times per week, at a time when she was not able to visit her infant in the NICU. All full-term and preterm mothers in experimental and control groups completed a posttest survey 2 weeks after infants were discharged. Comparisons revealed that experimental preterm and full-term mothers indicated less adjustment to their baby and lifestyle changes and less bonding compared to control mothers, though this difference was not significant. Preterm and full-term experimental mothers reported the greatest number of postpartum medical complications, which might explain their poor adjustment and bonding scores. There was a significant difference between mothers' value of music, with preterm experimental valuing music more. Preterm and full-term experimental mothers used music with and sang to infants more compared to preterm and full-term control mothers, but not to a significant degree. Preterm mothers reported a mean score of 4.75 (with a 5 indicating that they strongly agreed) for the following item: knowing my infant listened to my singing helped me to cope with my infant's stay in the NICU. Furthermore, preterm infants who listened to the CD recording of their mothers' singing left the hospital an average of 2 days sooner than those in the control group, though this difference was not significant. Article Published Date : Jan 01, 2008
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Translation and Validation of Tamil Version of Singing Voice Handicap Index-10 (TSVHI-10).

Related Articles Translation and Validation of Tamil Version of Singing Voice Handicap Index-10 (TSVHI-10). J Voice. 2018 Sep 17;: Authors: Rangarajan A, Santhanam DP, Selvaraj JL Abstract AIM: To translate and validate the singing voice handicap index (SVHI-10) for the Tamil speaking Indian population and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Tamil version SVHI-10 (TSVHI-10) in classically trained Carnatic singers. METHOD: Following standard translation, a total of 120 classically trained Carnatic singers: 83 singers without voice complaint and 37 singers with voice complaints answered the Tamil translation of the SVHI-10. RESULTS: The TSVHI -10 scores obatined from classically trained Carnatic singers with and singers without voice complaints were analyzed. SVHI-10 has excellent internal consistency and test retest reliability. Singers without/with voice complaint scored 7.08/22.86 total scores and for each domain Emotional (E): 1.73/5.32, Functional (F): 2.11/7.08, and Physical (P): 3.3/10.35 respectively. CONCLUSION: The TSVHI-10 questionnaire seems to be psychometrically sound and is a valuable instrument for the self-evaluation of handicaps related to voice problems in the context of singing and for making subsequent clinical decisions. The Tamil version of the SVHI-10 was successfully validated as an instrument with proper internal consistency and reliability. PMID: 30236537 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]