Cybermedlife - Therapeutic Actions Dietary Modification - Elimination Diet

Elimination Diet Effectively Treats Eosinophilic Esophagitis in Adults; Food Reintroduction Identifies Causative Factors.

Abstract Title: Elimination Diet Effectively Treats Eosinophilic Esophagitis in Adults; Food Reintroduction Identifies Causative Factors. Abstract Source: Gastroenterology. 2012 Mar 3. Epub 2012 Mar 3. PMID: 22391333 Abstract Author(s): Nirmala Gonsalves, Guang-Yu Yang, Bethany Doerfler, Sally Ritz, Anne M Ditto, Ikuo Hirano Article Affiliation: Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois. Abstract: BACKGROUND & AIMS: Adults with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) typically present with dysphagia and food impaction. A 6-food elimination diet (SFED) is effective in children with EoE. We assessed the effects of the SFED followed by food reintroduction on the histologic response, symptoms, and quality of life in adults with EoE. METHODS: At the start of the study, 50 adults with EoE underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopies (EGDs), biopsies, and skin-prick tests for food and aeroallergens. After 6 weeks of SFED, patients underwent repeat EGD and biopsies. Histologic responders, defined by≤5 eosinophils/high-power field (eos/hpf) (n = 32), underwent systematic reintroduction of foods followed by EGD and biopsies (n = 20). Symptom and quality of life scores were determined before and after SFED. RESULTS: Common symptoms of EoE included dysphagia (96%), food impaction (74%), and heartburn (94%). The mean peak eosinophil counts in the proximal esophagus were 34 eos/hpf and 8 eos/hpf, before and after the SFED, and 44 eos/hpf and 13 eos/hpf in the distal esophagus, respectively (P<.0001). After the SFED, 64% of patients had peak counts≤5 eos/hpf and 70% had peak counts of ≤10 eos/hpf. Symptom scores decreased in 94% (P<.0001). After food reintroduction, esophageal eosinophil counts returned to pretreatment values (P<.0001). Based on reintroduction, the foods most frequently associated with EoE were wheat (60% of cases) and milk (50% of cases). Skin-prick testing predicted only 13% of foods associated with EoE. CONCLUSIONS: An elimination diet significantly improves symptoms and reduces endoscopic and histopathologic features of EoE in adults. Food reintroduction re-initiated features of EoE in patients, indicating a role for food allergens in its pathogenesis. Foods that activated EoE were identified by systematic reintroduction analysis but not by skin-prick tests. Article Published Date : Mar 02, 2012

Reversal of premature ovarian failure in a patient with Sjögren syndrome using an elimination diet protocol.

Abstract Title: Reversal of premature ovarian failure in a patient with Sjögren syndrome using an elimination diet protocol. Abstract Source: J Altern Complement Med. 2010 Jul;16(7):807-9. PMID: 20618099 Abstract Author(s): Joe Feuerstein Article Affiliation: Department of Integrative Medicine, Stamford Hospital, Stamford, CT 06902, USA. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Abstract: BACKGROUND: Premature ovarian failure is diagnosed with a picture of amenorrhea, elevated follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and age under 40 years. Twenty percent (20%) of patients with premature ovarian failure have a concomitant autoimmune disease. Cases of premature ovarian failure associated with Sjögren syndrome have been reported in the literature. PATIENT AND METHOD: We report a case of a 42-year-old white woman with Sjögren syndrome and premature ovarian failure who underwent a reversal of her premature ovarian failure and restoration of normal menses using an elimination diet protocol. The patient was diagnosed with her rheumatological condition in 2005 and started on disease-modifying antirheumatoid drugs, which were taken intermittently due to a concern over medication side-effects. Her menses became irregular at the time of initial diagnosis and finally ceased in 2006, with a dramatic elevation in her FSH, indicative of autoimmune-induced premature ovarian failure. In March 2009, she commenced an elimination diet protocol, eliminating gluten, beef, eggs, dairy products, nightshade vegetables, refined sugars, and citrus fruit for 4 months. RESULTS: Her repeat laboratory tests after 4 months showed a drop in FSH from 88 to 6.5 and a drop in erythrocyte sedimentation rate from 40 to 16. Her menses also resumed and her rheumatological symptoms significantly improved. CONCLUSIONS: It is hypothesized that the restoration of normal menses was caused by reduced inflammation in the ovarian tissue and supports the hypothesis that the gut immune system can influence autoimmune disease and inflammation. Article Published Date : Jul 01, 2010

Dietary exclusions for improving established atopic eczema in adults and children: systematic review. 📎

Abstract Title: Dietary exclusions for improving established atopic eczema in adults and children: systematic review. Abstract Source: Allergy. 2009 Feb;64(2):258-64. PMID: 19178405 Abstract Author(s): F Bath-Hextall, F M Delamere, H C Williams Article Affiliation: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK. Abstract: Atopic eczema is the most common inflammatory skin disease of childhood in developed countries. We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials to assess the effects of dietary exclusions for the treatment of established atopic eczema. Nine trials (421 participants) were included, most of which were poorly reported. Six were studies of egg and milk exclusion (n = 288), one was a study of few foods (n = 85) and two were studies of an elemental diet (n = 48). There appears to be no benefit of an egg- and milk-free diet in unselected participants with atopic eczema. There is also no evidence of benefit in the use of an elemental or few-foods diet in unselected cases of atopic eczema. There may be some benefit in using an egg-free diet in infants with suspected egg allergy who have positive specific IgE to eggs - one study found 51% of the children had a significant improvement in body surface area with the exclusion diet as compared with normal diet (95% CI 1.07-2.11) and change in surface area and severity score was significantly improved in the exclusion diet as compared with the normal diet at the end of 6 weeks (MD 5.50, 95% CI 0.19-10.81) and end of treatment (MD 6.10, 95% CI 0.06-12.14). Despite their frequent use, we find little good quality evidence to support the use of exclusion diets in atopic eczema. Article Published Date : Feb 01, 2009

Wheat is a primary food trigger for migraines

Abstract Title: Wheat is a primary food trigger for migraines Abstract Source: Lancet. 1979 May 5 ;1(8123):966-9. PMID: 87628 Abstract Author(s): Grant EC. Abstract: 60 migraine patients completed elimination diets after a 5-day period of withdrawal from their normal diet. 52 (87%) of these patients had been using oral contraceptive steroids, tobacco, and/or ergotamine for an average of 3 years, 22 years, and 7.4 years respectively. The commonest foods causing reactions were wheat (78%), orange (65%), eggs (45%), tea and coffee (40% each), chocolate and milk (37%) each), beef (35%), and corn, cane sugar, and yeast (33% each). When an average of ten common foods were avoided there was a dramatic fall in the number of headaches per month, 85% of patients becoming headache-free. The 25% of patients with hypertension became normotensive. Chemicals in the home environment can make this testing difficult for outpatients. Both immunological and non-immunological mechanisms may play a part in the pathogenesis of migraine caused by food intolerance.
Therapeutic Actions DIETARY MODIFICATION Elimination Diet

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Protective role of the vulture facial skin and gut microbiomes aid adaptation to scavenging.

Related Articles Protective role of the vulture facial skin and gut microbiomes aid adaptation to scavenging. Acta Vet Scand. 2018 Oct 11;60(1):61 Authors: Zepeda Mendoza ML, Roggenbuck M, Manzano Vargas K, Hansen LH, Brunak S, Gilbert MTP, Sicheritz-Pontén T Abstract BACKGROUND: Vultures have adapted the remarkable ability to feed on carcasses that may contain microorganisms that would be pathogenic to most other animals. The holobiont concept suggests that the genetic basis of such adaptation may not only lie within their genomes, but additionally in their associated microbes. To explore this, we generated shotgun DNA sequencing datasets of the facial skin and large intestine microbiomes of the black vulture (Coragyps atratus) and the turkey vulture (Cathartes aura). We characterized the functional potential and taxonomic diversity of their microbiomes, the potential pathogenic challenges confronted by vultures, and the microbial taxa and genes that could play a protective role on the facial skin and in the gut. RESULTS: We found microbial taxa and genes involved in diseases, such as dermatitis and pneumonia (more abundant on the facial skin), and gas gangrene and food poisoning (more abundant in the gut). Interestingly, we found taxa and functions with potential for playing beneficial roles, such as antilisterial bacteria in the gut, and genes for the production of antiparasitics and insecticides on the facial skin. Based on the identified phages, we suggest that phages aid in the control and possibly elimination, as in phage therapy, of microbes reported as pathogenic to a variety of species. Interestingly, we identified Adineta vaga in the gut, an invertebrate that feeds on dead bacteria and protozoans, suggesting a defensive predatory mechanism. Finally, we suggest a colonization resistance role through biofilm formation played by Fusobacteria and Clostridia in the gut. CONCLUSIONS: Our results highlight the importance of complementing genomic analyses with metagenomics in order to obtain a clearer understanding of the host-microbial alliance and show the importance of microbiome-mediated health protection for adaptation to extreme diets, such as scavenging. PMID: 30309375 [PubMed - in process]