Neutralization of Western diet inhibits bone resorption independently of K intake and reduces cortisol secretion in humans.
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2003 Jan;284(1):F32-40. Epub 2002 Sep 24. PMID: 12388390
Marc Maurer, Walter Riesen, Juergen Muser, Henry N Hulter, Reto Krapf
A Western-type diet is associated with osteoporosis and calcium nephrolithiasis. On the basis of observations that calcium retention and inhibition of bone resorption result from alkali administration, it is assumed that the acid load inherent in this diet is responsible for increased bone resorption and calcium loss from bone. However, it is not known whether the dietary acid load acts directly or indirectly (i.e., via endocrine changes) on bone metabolism. It is also unclear whether alkali administration affects bone resorption/calcium balance directly or whether alkali-induced calcium retention is dependent on the cation (i.e., potassium) supplied with administered base. The effects of neutralization of dietary acid load (equimolar amounts of NaHCO(3) and KHCO(3) substituted for NaCl and KCl) in nine healthy subjects (6 men, 3 women) under metabolic balance conditions on calcium balance, bone markers, and endocrine systems relevant to bone [glucocorticoid secretion, IGF-1, parathyroid hormone (PTH)/1,25(OH)(2) vitamin D and thyroid hormones] were studied. Neutralization for 7 days induced a significant cumulative calcium retention (10.7 +/- 0.4 mmol) and significantly reduced the urinary excretion of deoxypyridinoline, pyridinoline, and n-telopeptide. Mean daily plasma cortisol decreased from 264 +/- 45 to 232 +/- 43 nmol/l (P = 0.032), and urinary excretion of tetrahydrocortisol (THF) decreased from 2,410 +/- 210 to 2,098 +/- 190 microg/24 h (P = 0.027). No significant effect was found on free IGF-1, PTH/1,25(OH)(2) vitamin D, or thyroid hormones. An acidogenic Western diet results in mild metabolic acidosis in association with a state of cortisol excess, altered divalent ion metabolism, and increased bone resorptive indices. Acidosis-induced increases in cortisol secretion and plasma concentration may play a role in mild acidosis-induced alterations in bone metabolism and possibly in osteoporosis associated with an acidogenic Western diet.
Article Published Date : Jan 01, 2003
Therapeutic Actions DIETARY MODIFICATION Less Acid-More Alkaline
The effect of weight loss on body composition, serum bone markers, and adipokines in prepubertal obese children after 1-year intervention.
Endocr Res. 2018 May;43(2):80-89
Authors: Gajewska J, Ambroszkiewicz J, Klemarczyk W, Chełchowska M, Weker H, Szamotulska K
Purpose/Aim: The influence of weight loss on bone turnover and bone quality in childhood remains controversial, but it may implicate interactions between adiposity and bone metabolism. Therefore, we studied the relationships between bone markers and adipokines during weight loss in obese children.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We determined serum leptin, soluble leptin receptor, adiponectin, bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP), C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX-I), osteocalcin (OC), carboxylated-OC (Gla-OC), undercarboxylated-OC (Glu-OC), sclerostin, body composition, and bone mineral density (BMD) in 40 obese prepubertal children before and after therapy. The control group, matched for sex and age, consisted of 40 non-obese children.
RESULTS: We found that values of the total body less head-bone mineral content (TBLH-BMC) and TBLH-BMD were significantly increased, but TBLH-BMD Z-score was decreased by 25% (p = 0.002) in obese children with weight loss after therapy. We observed increases of CTX-I to OC ratio (p = 0.009), and Gla-OC concentrations (p = 0.049). Changes in TBLH-BMD Z-score in patients were positively correlated with changes in BMI Z-score (p = 0.001), percentage of fat mass (p = 0.004), and BALP activity (p = 0.01). Changes in BALP activity were negatively correlated (p < 0.001) with changes in adiponectin concentrations, while changes in sclerostin levels were positively correlated (p = 0.001) with leptin changes.
CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that alterations in adipokines metabolism were associated with a lower rate of bone mineral accrual as a result of decreased bone formation rather than increased bone resorption. The lower rate of bone mass accrual in weight losing children may be an effect of reduced BALP levels related to increase in adiponectin levels.
PMID: 29192796 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]