Cybermedlife - Therapeutic Actions Aquatic therapy

Aquatherapy for neurodegenerative disorders.

Abstract Title: Aquatherapy for neurodegenerative disorders. Abstract Source: J Huntingtons Dis. 2014 ;3(1):5-11. PMID: 25062761 Abstract Author(s): Alyson R Plecash, Blair R Leavitt Article Affiliation: Alyson R Plecash Abstract: Aquatherapy is used for rehabilitation and exercise; water provides a challenging, yet safe exercise environment for many special populations. We have reviewed the use of aquatherapy programs in four neurodegenerative disorders: Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Huntington's disease. Results support the use of aquatherapy in Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis, however further evidence is required to make specific recommendations in all of the aforementioned disorders. Article Published Date : Dec 31, 2013

Clinicians' perceptions of the benefits of aquatic therapy for young children with autism: a preliminary study.

Abstract Title: Clinicians' perceptions of the benefits of aquatic therapy for young children with autism: a preliminary study. Abstract Source: J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Aug;91(8):3232-5. Epub 2006 May 23. PMID: 16938823 Abstract Author(s): Darcy S Vonder Hulls, Lisa K Walker, Janet M Powell Abstract: OBJECTIVE: This purpose of this study was to identify clinicians' perceptions of the benefits of aquatic therapy for young children with autism. METHODS: Eighteen aquatic occupational therapists treating young children with autism responded to a survey soliciting their opinions on changes in skill performance resulting from aquatic therapy. RESULTS: A majority of clinicians reported a substantial increase in swim skills, attention,muscle strength, balance, tolerating touch, initiating/maintaining eye contact, and water safety. CONCLUSION: The impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions seen in children with autism can be wide-ranging and outcomes can be difficult to operationally define and measure. In this preliminary study, clinicians identified the areas they perceived as improving as a result of aquatic therapy. This information could help narrow the field of likely outcomes as a first step toward studies of the effectiveness of aquatic therapy for children with autism. Article Published Date : Aug 01, 2006
Therapeutic Actions Aquatic therapy

NCBI pubmed

Shoulder joint kinetics and dynamics during underwater forward arm elevation.

Related Articles Shoulder joint kinetics and dynamics during underwater forward arm elevation. J Biomech. 2018 Feb 09;: Authors: Lauer J, Vilas-Boas JP, Rouard AH Abstract Aquatic exercises are widely implemented into rehabilitation programs. However, both evaluating their mechanical demands on the musculoskeletal system and designing protocols to provide progressive loading are difficult tasks. This study reports for the first time shoulder joint kinetics and dynamics during underwater forward arm elevation performed at speeds ranging from 22.5 to 90°/s. Net joint moments projected onto anatomical axes of rotation, joint power, and joint work were calculated in 18 participants through a novel approach coupling numerical fluid flow simulations and inverse dynamics. Joint dynamics was revealed from the 3D angle between the joint moment and angular velocity vectors, identifying three main functions-propulsion, stabilization, and resistance. Speeds <30°/s necessitated little to no power at all, whereas peaks about 0.20 W⋅kg-1 were seen at 90°/s. As speed increased, peak moments were up to 61 × higher at 90 than at 22.5°/s, (1.82 ± 0.12%BW⋅AL vs 0.03 ± 0.01%BW⋅AL, P < 0.038). This was done at the expense of a substantial decrease in the joint moment contribution to joint stability though, which goes against the intuition that greater stabilization is required to protect the shoulder from increasing loads. Slow arm elevations (<30°/s) are advantageous for joint mobility gain at low mechanical solicitation, whereas the intensity at 90°/s is high enough to stimulate muscular endurance improvements. Simple predictive equations of shoulder mechanical loading are provided. They allow for easy design of progressive protocols, either for the postoperative shoulder or the conditioning of athlete targeting very specific intensity regions. PMID: 29449002 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]