Cybermedlife - Therapeutic Actions Novel Alternative Therapies

A new nonpharmacological method in fibromyalgia: the use of wool.

Abstract Title: A new nonpharmacological method in fibromyalgia: the use of wool. Abstract Source: J Altern Complement Med. 2009 Apr;15(4):399-405. PMID: 19388862 Abstract Author(s): Emine Kara Kiyak Abstract: OBJECTIVES: The aim was to assess the effect of wool use in patients with fibromyalgia. BACKGROUND: Various studies concerning the treatment of patients with fibromyalgia using nonpharmacological methods have been carried out. There are, however, no reports on the use of wool clothing and bedding in treating these patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study employed two-group, experimental design. A total of 50 patients with fibromyalgia, based on the criteria of the American College of Rheumatology, were selected for the study. They were distributed equally into two groups: a control group and a treatment group. The 25 patients in each group were randomly selected and the compositions of the two groups were statistically identical. The patients in the treatment group wore woolen underwear (which covered the body from the shoulders to the thighs) and used woolen bedding such as woolen bed liner, woolen quilt and pillow during the experimental period of 6 weeks. All patients were assessed at the beginning the trial (pre-test) and the end of 6th (post-test) week. Data were collected using the visual analogue scale (0-10), tender points count, and Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire. RESULTS: Patients in the treatment group reported significant improvements in their conditions including a reduction in pain levels, tender point counts, and all scores of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (p <or= 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The use of woolen underwear and woolen bedding were effective in reducing the symptoms of patients suffering from fibromyalgia. The use of wool is recommended as a means of treatment for alleviating the pain of fibromyalgia. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Nurses provide professional support to patients with fibromyalgia. They select suitable clothes and sleeping materials for their patients with this object in mind: to keep their patients warm and to protect them from the cold. Article Published Date : Apr 01, 2009

Managing anxiety in eating disorders with knitting.

Abstract Title: Managing anxiety in eating disorders with knitting. Abstract Source: Eat Weight Disord. 2009 Mar;14(1):e1-5. PMID: 19367130 Abstract Author(s): M Clave-Brule, A Mazloum, R J Park, E J Harbottle, C L Birmingham Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Recovery from anorexia nervosa (AN) is often confounded by intrusive, anxious preoccupations with control of eating, weight and shape. These are distressing and represent a potential barrier to psychological change. Theoretical and empirical evidence suggests that performing a concurrent visuospatial task reduces the emotional intensity of distressing images. We assessed whether the visuospatial task of knitting influences the anxious preoccupation experienced by inpatients with AN. METHOD: Prospective interventional cohort. SUBJECTS: Thirty-eight women with AN admitted to a specialized eating disorder unit. INTERVENTION: All subjects were given knitting lessons and free access to supplies. MEASURE: Subjects were asked to report the qualitative effects of knitting on their psychological state using a self-report questionnaire. RESULTS: Patients reported a subjective reduction in anxious preoccupation when knitting. In particular, 28/38 (74%) reported it lessened the intensity of their fears and thoughts and cleared their minds of eating disorder preoccupations, 28/38 (74%) reported it had a calming and therapeutic effect and 20/38 (53%) reported it provided satisfaction, pride and a sense of accomplishment. DISCUSSION: This preliminary data suggests that knitting may benefit inpatients with eating disorders by reducing their anxious preoccupations about eating, weight and shape control. The specificity of this effect is yet to be determined. This preliminary outcome requires further controlled study in AN subjects. From a clinical perspective, knitting is inexpensive, easily learned, can continue during social interaction, and can provide a sense of accomplishment. The theoretical and empirical rationale for this observation, and implications for deriving alternative strategies to augment treatment in AN, are discussed. Article Published Date : Mar 01, 2009
Therapeutic Actions Novel Alternative Therapies

NCBI pubmed

Emerging therapies in adult and paediatric bronchiectasis.

Related Articles Emerging therapies in adult and paediatric bronchiectasis. Respirology. 2018 Sep 21;: Authors: Regan KH, Hill AT Abstract Bronchiectasis is a chronic respiratory disorder characterized by persistent productive cough and recurrent chest infections secondary to permanent structural airway damage. The current treatment strategies for this debilitating disorder are limited to prompt antibiotic treatment of infective exacerbations and regular airway clearance techniques. Despite its high morbidity and associated mortality across all age groups, it has been a neglected area of research in respiratory medicine and there remain no licensed disease-modifying therapies. In this review, we have explored the numerous potential therapeutic targets to break the vicious cycle of infection and inflammation seen in these patients and the novel therapeutic agents that have been developed to target them. We have reviewed the role of novel anti-inflammatory agents designed to target the persistent neutrophilic inflammatory infiltrate seen in bronchiectatic airways, including neutrophil elastase inhibitors, CXCR2 (CXC chemokine receptor 2) antagonists, DPP-1 (dipeptidyl peptidase 1) inhibitors, PDE4 (phosphodiesterase 4) inhibitors and statins. Furthermore, we have explored novel targets to improve mucociliary clearance, namely ENaC (epithelial sodium channel) inhibitors, and discussed the potential of alternative antimicrobial strategies such as inhaled phages. Our review highlights the importance of a multi-faceted approach to bronchiectasis management, which aims not only to eradicate or suppress bronchial infection but also to break the cycle of persistent airway inflammation that results in progressive lung damage in these patients. PMID: 30242794 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]