Single particle analysis of TiO2 in candy products using triple quadrupole ICP-MS.
Talanta. 2018 Apr 01;180:309-315
Authors: Candás-Zapico S, Kutscher DJ, Montes-Bayón M, Bettmer J
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) belongs to the materials that have gained great importance in many applications. In its particulate form (micro- or nanoparticles), it has entered a huge number of consumer products and food-grade TiO2, better known as E171 within the European Union, represents an important food additive. Thus, there is an increasing need for analytical methods able to detect and quantify such particles. In this regard, inductively coupled-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), in particular single particle ICP-MS (spICP-MS), has gained importance due to its simplicity and ease of use. Nevertheless, the number of applications for Ti nanoparticles is rather limited. In this study, we have applied the spICP-MS strategy by comparing different measuring modes available in triple quadrupole ICP-MS. First, single quadrupole mode using the collision/reaction cell system was selected for monitoring the isotope 47Ti. Different cell gases like He, O2 and NH3 were tested under optimised conditions for its applicability in spICP-MS of standard suspensions of TiO2. The determined analytical figures of merit were compared to those obtained by triple quadrupole mode using the 47Ti or 48Ti reaction products using O2 and NH3 as reaction gases. This comparison demonstrated that the triple quadrupole mode (TQ mode) was superior in terms of sensitivity due to the more efficient removal of spectral interferences. Particle size detection limits down to 26nm were obtained using the best instrumental conditions for TiO2 particles at a dwell time of 10ms. Finally, the different measuring modes were applied to the analysis of chewing gum samples after a simple extraction procedure using an ultrasonic bath. The obtained results showed a good agreement for the detected particle size range using the different TQ modes. The size range of TiO2 particles was determined to be between approximately 30 and 200nm, whereas roughly 40% of the particles were smaller than 100nm. For the determination of the particle number concentration in these real samples, we suggest CeO2 particles as internal standard.
PMID: 29332815 [PubMed - in process]