Health State Utilities Associated with Glucose Monitoring Devices.
Value Health. 2017 Mar;20(3):507-511
Authors: Matza LS, Stewart KD, Davies EW, Hellmund R, Polonsky WH, Kerr D
BACKGROUND: Glucose monitoring is important for patients with diabetes treated with insulin. Conventional glucose monitoring requires a blood sample, typically obtained by pricking the finger. A new sensor-based system called "flash glucose monitoring" monitors glucose levels with a sensor worn on the arm, without requiring blood samples.
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the utility difference between these two glucose monitoring approaches for use in cost-utility models.
METHODS: In time trade-off interviews, general population participants in the United Kingdom (London and Edinburgh) valued health states that were drafted and refined on the basis of literature, clinician input, and a pilot study. The health states had identical descriptions of diabetes and insulin treatment, differing only in glucose monitoring approach.
RESULTS: A total of 209 participants completed the interviews (51.7% women; mean age = 42.1 years). Mean utilities were 0.851 ± 0.140 for conventional monitoring and 0.882 ± 0.121 for flash monitoring (significant difference between the mean utilities; t = 8.3; P < 0.0001). Of the 209 participants, 78 (37.3%) had a higher utility for flash monitoring, 2 (1.0%) had a higher utility for conventional monitoring, and 129 (61.7%) had the same utility for both health states.
CONCLUSIONS: The flash glucose monitoring system was associated with a significantly greater utility than the conventional monitoring system. This difference may be useful in cost-utility models comparing the value of glucose monitoring devices for patients with diabetes. This study adds to the literature on treatment process utilities, suggesting that time trade-off methods may be used to quantify preferences among medical devices.
PMID: 28292497 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Retrieval of a Broken Dental Needle Close to the Facial Artery After Cervical Migration.
J Craniofac Surg. 2016 Jun;27(4):e338-40
Authors: Queiroz SB, Lima VN, Amorim PH, Magro-Filho O, Amorim RF
Use of imaging tools like digital C-arm, tridimensional tomography, and navigational surgery has proven its value to the surgical removal of broken needles. A 32-year-old patient was referred for evaluation of a fractured needle during inferior alveolar nerve block attempt few days before. The patient complained of a pricking sensation at the injured area while moving the neck. A contrasted computed tomography was performed for further evaluation of the needle toward the vascular network of the neck, showing a close location by the left facial artery, parallel to the styloid process of the temporal bone. The needle was then released from the underlying tissues and retrieved. Although considered a rare intercurrence, there are still reports of breaking needles during dental anesthesia. Such reports are almost always related to inferior alveolar nerve blocks, associated with the use of short, thin needles, and after multiple bending movements before the insertion of the needle in the tissues. Accurate image examinations such as contrasted computed tomography are of great importance for planning the surgical removal, especially in patients of migration next to important vessels of the neck.
PMID: 27171952 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]