[Application of pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor to prevent chemotherapy-induced neutropenia in patients with lymphoma: a prospective, multicenter, open-label clinical trial].
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi. 2017 Oct 14;38(10):825-830
Authors: Huang HQ, Bai B, Gao YH, Zou DH, Zou SH, Tan H, Song YP, Li ZY, Jin J, Li W, Su H, Gong YP, Zhong MZ, Shuang YR, Zhu J, Zhang JQ, Cai Z, Teng QL, Sun WJ, Yang Y, Xia ZJ, Chen HL, Hua LM, Bao YY, Wu N
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) in prophylaxis neutropenia after chemotherapy in patients with lymphoma. Methods: This was a multicenter, single arm, open, phase Ⅳ clinical trial. Included 410 patients with lymphoma received multiple cycles of chemotherapy and PEG-rhG-CSF was administrated as prophylactic. The primary endpoint was the incidence of Ⅲ/Ⅳ grade neutropenia and febrile neutropenia (FN) after each chemotherapy cycle. Meanwhile the rate of antibiotics application during the whole period of chemotherapy was observed. Results: ①Among the 410 patients, 8 cases (1.95%) were contrary to the selected criteria, 35 cases (8.54%) lost, 19 cases (4.63%) experienced adverse events, 12 cases (2.93%) were eligible for the termination criteria, 15 cases (3.66%) develpoed disease progression or recurrence, thus the rest 321 cases (78.29%) were into the Per Protocol Set. ②During the first to fourth treatment cycles, the incidences of grade Ⅳ neutropenia after prophylactic use of PEG-rhG-CSF were 19.14% (49/256) , 12.5% (32/256) , 12.18% (24/197) , 13.61% (20/147) , respectively. The incidences of FN were 3.52% (9/256) , 0.39% (1/256) , 2.54% (5/197) , 2.04% (3/147) , respectively. After secondary prophylactic use of PEG-rhG-CSF, the incidences of Ⅳ grade neutropenia decreased from 61.54% (40/65) in the screening cycle to 16.92% (11/65) , 18.46% (12/65) and 20.75% (11/53) in 1-3 cycles, respectively. The incidences of FN decreased from 16.92% (11/65) in the screening cycle to 1.54% (1/65) , 4.62% (3/65) , 3.77% (2/53) in 1-3 cycles, respectively. ③The proportion of patients who received antibiotic therapy during the whole period of chemotherapy was 34.39% (141/410) . ④The incidence of adverse events associated with PEG-rhG-CSF was 4.63% (19/410) . The most common adverse events were bone pain[3.90% (16/410) ], fatigue (0.49%) and fever (0.24%) . Conclusion: During the chemotherapy in patients with lymphoma, the prophylactic use of PEG-rhG-CSF could effectively reduce the incidences of grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ neutropenia and FN, which ensures that patients with lymphoma receive standard-dose chemotherapy to improve its cure rate.
PMID: 29166732 [PubMed - in process]
Low-intensity Exercise Accelerates Wound Healing in Diabetic Mice.
Wounds. 2017 Nov 20;:
Authors: Keylock T, Meserve L, Wolfe A
INTRODUCTION: Moderate-intensity aerobic exercise has been noted to improve wound healing rates in mice and people, but different intensities of exercise may have different impacts on healing rates. It is important to determine the most beneficial exercise intensity for improving wound healing in people with type 2 diabetes to help prevent wounds from becoming chronic, greatly reduce pain and immobility, and lower the high cost of health care associated with treatment.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of low-intensity exercise compared with high-intensity exercise in terms of the rate of wound healing in diabetic mice.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one 10-week-old female diabetic mice were randomly assigned to a sedentary control group (CON), low-intensity treadmill exercise (LEX) group, or high-intensity treadmill exercise (HEX) group. Mice were exercised for 30 minutes, 5 days per week, for 3 weeks. Mice were wounded on their upper back with a 3.5-mm punch biopsy instrument, and wounds were photographed at the same time every day.
RESULTS: In terms of the length of time it took wounds to fully heal, CON mice healed in an average of 14.4 ± 2.4 days (number of days to decrease to less than 10% of their original size ± standard deviation) and HEX mice in 14.0 ± 3.0 days (P = .396). However, LEX mice healed faster than CON in an average of 10.1 ± 2.3 days (P = .004).
CONCLUSIONS: In this preliminary investigation, low-intensity exercise accelerated wound healing rates in diabetic mice but high-intensity exercise did not. Future studies should investigate the mechanisms behind this effect and evaluate different intensities of exercise on wound healing in humans with type 2 diabetes.
PMID: 29166252 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Effects of Neonatal Pain and Temperament on Attention Problems in Toddlers Born Preterm.
J Pediatr Psychol. 2017 Nov 17;:
Authors: Gaspardo CM, Cassiano RGM, Gracioli SMA, Furini GCB, Linhares MBM
Objective: To examine the effects of individual characteristics of neonates and neonatal pain-related stress on attention problems and externalizing behavior problems of toddlers born preterm, analyzing the moderating effects of the dispositional traits of temperament.
Methods: The sample included 62 toddlers aged 18-36 months and their mothers. The mothers were interviewed using the Child Behavior Checklist 1.5-5 for toddlers' attention and externalizing behavior problems assessment, the Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire for toddlers' temperament assessment, and the Adult Temperament Questionnaire for their temperament assessment. The Neonatal Infant Stressor Scale analyzed the number of pain-related stress events during neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalization recorded in the medical charts. Statistical descriptive, correlation, and multiple linear regression analyses were performed.
Results: High neonatal pain-related stress total index, associated with toddler's temperament with less Effortful Control, and mother's temperament with high Surgency explained 23% variability of the attention problems. Otherwise, the externalizing behavior problems were explained by temperament, but not by neonatal pain-related stress.
Conclusions: The findings support the impact of neonatal pain experiences, and current toddlers' and mothers' temperament characterized by poorer self-regulation on attention problems in toddlers born preterm. Developmental care in the NICU and follow-up programs after discharge are recommended to promote regulated temperament of the mother-child dyads, aiming to prevent attentional problems in toddlers born preterm.
PMID: 29165703 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Argan Oil as an Effective Nutri-Therapeutic Agent in Metabolic Syndrome: A Preclinical Study.
Int J Mol Sci. 2017 Nov 22;18(11):
Authors: El Midaoui A, Haddad Y, Filali-Zegzouti Y, Couture R
The present study aims at examining the effects of argan oil on the three main cardiovascular risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome (hypertension, insulin resistance and obesity) and on one of its main complications, neuropathic pain. Male Sprague-Dawley rats had free access to a drinking solution containing 10% d-glucose or tap water for 12 weeks. The effect of argan oil was compared to that of corn oil given daily by gavage during 12 weeks in glucose-fed rats. Glucose-fed rats showed increases in systolic blood pressure, epididymal fat, plasma levels of triglycerides, leptin, glucose and insulin, insulin resistance, tactile and cold allodynia in association with a rise in superoxide anion production and NADPH oxidase activity in the thoracic aorta, epididymal fat and gastrocnemius muscle. Glucose-fed rats also showed rises in B₁ receptor protein expression in aorta and gastrocnemius muscle. Argan oil prevented or significantly reduced all those anomalies with an induction in plasma adiponectin levels. In contrast, the same treatment with corn oil had a positive impact only on triglycerides, leptin, adiponectin and insulin resistance. These data are the first to suggest that argan oil is an effective nutri-therapeutic agent to prevent the cardiovascular risk factors and complications associated with metabolic syndrome.
PMID: 29165388 [PubMed - in process]
Determination of a tissue-level failure evaluation standard for rat femoral cortical bone utilizing a hybrid computational-experimental method.
Proc Inst Mech Eng H. 2017 Nov 01;:954411917743275
Authors: Fan R, Liu J, Jia Z, Deng Y, Liu J
Macro-level failure in bone structure could be diagnosed by pain or physical examination. However, diagnosing tissue-level failure in a timely manner is challenging due to the difficulty in observing the interior mechanical environment of bone tissue. Because most fractures begin with tissue-level failure in bone tissue caused by continually applied loading, people attempt to monitor the tissue-level failure of bone and provide corresponding measures to prevent fracture. Many tissue-level mechanical parameters of bone could be predicted or measured; however, the value of the parameter may vary among different specimens belonging to a kind of bone structure even at the same age and anatomical site. These variations cause difficulty in representing tissue-level bone failure. Therefore, determining an appropriate tissue-level failure evaluation standard is necessary to represent tissue-level bone failure. In this study, the yield and failure processes of rat femoral cortical bones were primarily simulated through a hybrid computational-experimental method. Subsequently, the tissue-level strains and the ratio between tissue-level failure and yield strains in cortical bones were predicted. The results indicated that certain differences existed in tissue-level strains; however, slight variations in the ratio were observed among different cortical bones. Therefore, the ratio between tissue-level failure and yield strains for a kind of bone structure could be determined. This ratio may then be regarded as an appropriate tissue-level failure evaluation standard to represent the mechanical status of bone tissue.
PMID: 29165039 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Recurrent Early Coronary Stent Thrombosis under Chronic Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation.
Int Heart J. 2017 Nov 22;:
Authors: Oba Y, Hoshide S, Mitama T, Shinohara H, Komori T, Kabutoya T, Imai Y, Ogata N, Kario K
A 62-year-old Japanese man presented with chest pain indicating that acute myocardial infarction had occurred. Eleven years earlier, he underwent a splenectomy due to idiopathic portal hypertension. Coronary angiography revealed diffuse stenosis, with calcification in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). We performed a primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We deployed two drug-eluting stents with sufficient minimal cross-sectional stent area by intravascular ultrasound and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) 3 flow. The initial laboratory examination revealed chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). On the 8th hospital day, he developed chest pain indicating early coronary stent thrombosis, although he had been prescribed dual antiplatelet therapy. We performed an emergent second PCI, and the TIMI flow grade improved from 0 to 3. Clopidogrel was replaced with prasugrel. On the 18th hospital day, we detected a repeated coronary stent thrombosis again. We performed a third PCI and the TIMI flow grade improved from 0 to 3. After anticoagulation therapy with warfarin, the DIC was improved and his condition ran a benign course without the recurrence of stent thrombosis for 1 month. Contrast-enhanced CT showed portal vein thrombosis. This patient's case reveals the possibility that the condition of chronic DIC can lead to recurrent stent thrombosis. Stent thrombosis is infrequent, but remains a serious complication in terms of morbidity and mortality. Although stent thrombosis is multifactorial, the present case suggests that DIC is a factor in stent thrombosis. To prevent stent thrombosis after PCI under DIC, anticoagulation might be a treatment option in addition to antiplatelet therapy.
PMID: 29162782 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Coexistence of Trunk or Lower Extremity Pain with Elbow and/or Shoulder Pain among Young Overhead Athletes: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Tohoku J Exp Med. 2017;243(3):173-178
Authors: Sekiguchi T, Hagiwara Y, Momma H, Tsuchiya M, Kuroki K, Kanazawa K, Yabe Y, Yoshida S, Koide M, Itaya N, Itoi E, Nagatomi R
Elbow or shoulder injuries are common in overhead sports. Because energy derived from the lower extremity passes through the trunk to the upper extremity in overhead motion, a break in such a kinetic chain could lead to arm injuries. However, there is only limited information about the role of the trunk and lower extremity support in preventing elbow or shoulder injuries. This study aimed to explore the association of trunk and lower extremity pain with elbow/shoulder pain among young overhead athletes. We conducted a cross-sectional study using self-reported questionnaires mailed to young athletes belonging to the Miyagi Amateur Sports Association. The final study population comprised 2,215 young athletes playing baseball (n = 1,422), volleyball (n = 546), softball (n = 14), handball (n = 28), tennis (n = 110), or badminton (n = 95). The median age of the participants was 11 years (range: 6 to 15 years). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed the higher prevalence of elbow and/or shoulder pain in athletes with back pain (OR = 5.52, 95% CI = 3.51-8.69), hip pain (OR = 6.13, 95% CI = 3.35-11.22), knee pain (OR = 2.28, 95% CI = 1.48-3.51), and foot pain (OR = 3.03, 95% CI = 1.95-4.72), compared with those without pain. We propose that trunk or lower extremity pain is significantly associated with elbow or shoulder pain among young overhead athletes. Assessing for pain in trunk or lower extremity, as well as elbow and/or shoulder pain, may help prevent serious injuries in young overhead athletes.
PMID: 29162768 [PubMed - in process]
Nerve Stimulation: Immunomodulation and Control of Inflammation.
Trends Mol Med. 2017 Nov 18;:
Authors: Ulloa L, Quiroz-Gonzalez S, Torres-Rosas R
Neuronal stimulation is an emerging field in modern medicine to control organ function and re-establish physiological homeostasis during illness. Transdermal nerve stimulation with electroacupuncture is currently endorsed by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and is used by millions of people to control pain and inflammation. Recent advances in electroacupuncture may permit activation of specific neuronal networks to prevent organ damage in inflammatory and infectious disorders. Experimental studies of nerve stimulation are also providing new information on the functional organization of the nervous system to control inflammation and its clinical implications in infectious and inflammatory disorders. These studies may allow the design of novel non-invasive techniques for nerve stimulation to help to control immune and organ functions.
PMID: 29162418 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
[Small Bowel Perforation Caused by Press-through Package].
Korean J Gastroenterol. 2017 Nov 25;70(5):261-264
Authors: Kim JS, Cha JM, Kwak MS, Yoon JY, Jeon JW, Shin HP, Joo KR, Lee JI, Kim HY
With an increased use of the press-through package (PTP) tablet, there has also been an increase in mis-swallowing cases, especially in elderly patients. We report a rare case of PTP-induced small bowel perforation and fistula formation with adjacent small bowel in a healthy elderly patient, who experienced persistent abdominal pain of unknown cause. A 62-year-old healthy man was admitted to our hospital with left abdominal pain that started one month ago. Neither abdominal tenderness nor rebound tenderness was present on physical examination. His vital signs and all other test results were within normal limits. However, a 2.5 cm curved radiopaque material within his thickened small intestine was incidentally detected on an abdominal computed tomography. He underwent laparoscopic small bowel resection, which revealed foreign body in the distal small intestine. Edema, perforation, and adhesions with the surrounding tissues were also noticed in the distal small intestine. Foreign body was turned out to be PTP, and this was considered to be responsible for the small bowel perforation and fistula formation. Precautions regarding PTP usage are necessary to prevent inadvertent PTP ingestion and its related complications, such as perforation, especially in the elderly population.
PMID: 29161796 [PubMed - in process]