Therapeutic Actions Occupational Therapy

NCBI pubmed

The role of personal resilience and personality traits of healthcare students on their attitudes towards interprofessional collaboration.

The role of personal resilience and personality traits of healthcare students on their attitudes towards interprofessional collaboration. Nurse Educ Today. 2017 Nov 15;61:36-42 Authors: Avrech Bar M, Katz Leurer M, Warshawski S, Itzhaki M Abstract BACKGROUND: Interprofessional collaboration (IPC) improves communication between healthcare workers and healthcare delivery. Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential in preparing healthcare students for cooperating with other healthcare disciplines in a real work setting. Although higher education settings have a responsibility to provide collaborative healthcare practice to students, IPE has not yet been prompted worldwide as a formal division in health professional education and in Israel IPE among health professions students is scarce. OBJECTIVE: To examine the attitudes of health professions students towards IPC in correlation with their personal resilience and personality traits. DESIGN: A descriptive cross-sectional design was used. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants were fourth year nursing, occupational therapy (OT), and physical therapy students studying in an academic undergraduate program at a School of Health Professions in a central university in Israel. METHODS: Attitudes were assessed with a questionnaire consisting of the Interdisciplinary Education Perception Scale, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, the Big Five Inventory of personality dimensions, and a question evaluating students' experience with the PBL (Problem-Based Learning) method. RESULTS: Questionnaires were completed by 184 health professions students. Nursing students' perception of actual cooperation with other professions and their perceived competency and autonomy in their profession were slightly lower than those of other students. Among nursing students, positive correlations were found between competency & autonomy and resilience (p<0.01) and between competency & autonomy and agreeableness (p<0.05). Positive correlations were also found between their perception of actual cooperation with other professions and: resilience (p<0.01), agreeableness (p<0.05), conscientiousness (p<0.05), and openness (p<0.05). Only OT students were familiar with and experienced in the PBL method. This experience with PBL was found correlated with more positive attitudes towards competency and autonomy in the profession and higher positive perception of actual cooperation with other professions. CONCLUSIONS: IPE, including PBL, should be integrated in health professions students' training. PMID: 29169067 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Peripheral muscle training with resistance exercise bands in patients with chronic heart failure. Long-term effects on walking distance and quality of life; a pilot study.

Peripheral muscle training with resistance exercise bands in patients with chronic heart failure. Long-term effects on walking distance and quality of life; a pilot study. ESC Heart Fail. 2017 Nov 23;: Authors: Lans C, Cider Å, Nylander E, Brudin L Abstract AIMS: This study aimed to describe a method of peripheral muscle training with resistance bands in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and to evaluate its effects on the 6 min walk test and quality of life up to 12 months using a home-based programme. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-two patients with stable CHF (19 men and 3 women), mean age 63.2 years (SD 8.1), New York Heart Association class II-III were randomized to individual home-based training (HT group), or home-based training with a group-based start-up in a hospital setting (GT group). A 6 min walk test, the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ), and Short Form with 36 items (SF-36) were administered at baseline and after 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Exercise training resulted in statistically significant increased walking distance in both groups. The HT group increased on average 107 (80) m from baseline to 12 months, and the GT group by 100 (96) m. Health-related quality of life, measured with MLHFQ and SF-36, reached statistically significant improvements in both groups but at different time points. There were no statistically significant differences between groups on any parameters or follow-ups. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term home-based peripheral muscle training in patients with CHF, with or without an introductory period in a hospital setting, can be used for initial improvement and retention of walking distance and health-related quality of life. PMID: 29168621 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Effect of Music Practice on Anxiety and Depression of Iranian Dental Students.

Effect of Music Practice on Anxiety and Depression of Iranian Dental Students. J Dent (Tehran). 2017 May;14(3):138-143 Authors: Ghasemi M, Lotfollahzadeh H, Kermani-Ranjbar T, Kharazifard MJ Abstract Objectives: The practice of dentistry has long been associated with high levels of occupational stress and anxiety and music has been shown as a method of reducing stress. Considering the reportedly high level of stress among dental students and its consequences and also considering the positive effect of music therapy, the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between music practice and level of stress in dental students. Materials and Methods: In this analytical, cross-sectional study, 88 students, including 44 with a history of music practice and 44 matched controls without music practice who met the defined inclusion criteria, participated. Upon obtaining written informed consent, all volunteers filled the Beck anxiety inventory (BAI) and Beck depression inventory (BDI) questionnaires. Data were analyzed using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, and multiple linear regression test with backward method was used to evaluate the effect of demographic factors on anxiety and depression scores. Results: The level of anxiety was higher in students who did not have music practice and this difference was significant (P<0.001). The same was observed for depression (P=0.027). Other factors including age, gender, and being far from family had no significant effect on depression and anxiety (P>0.05). But level of anxiety and depression was higher in students of universities with tuition fee compared to free public institutes (P<0.05). Conclusions: It may be concluded that music practice can reduce anxiety and depression of dental students. PMID: 29167685 [PubMed]