Assessment of Weight Management Practices among Adults in the United Arab Emirates.
J Nutr Metab. 2017;2017:1050749
Authors: Attlee A, Atmani N, Stromtsov V, Ali F, Tikarly R, Ryad S, Salah G, Hasan H, Obaid R
With a rise in global incidence of overweight and obesity, the number of patients seeking weight management (WM) advice is likely to increase. Our aim was to explore the prevalence of WM practices and investigate association of WM goals with sociodemographic variables and practices among United Arab Emirates (UAE) adults. An exploratory, cross-sectional research was conducted on 1275 adult males and females, residing in UAE. A structured questionnaire was administered. WM goals to lose/maintain/gain weight were reported in 88.3% participants. WM goals were significantly associated with age, sex, marital status, education, current body weight perception, and medical condition. Out of 21 selected WM practices, popular strategies included increasing physical activity (52.9%), eating less fat (51.1%), consuming fewer calories (43.3%), joining gym (27.5%), skipping meals (26.1%), and consuming natural herbs and teas (20.7%). Visiting dietitian (12.3%) ranked ninth in the order of preference. Males focused on physical activity, gyms, and wellness centers and females on calories counting, dietitian visits, meals replacement, skipping meals, and natural herbs/teas. Married adults reported eating less fat (54.3% versus 47.3%, p = 0.020); singles opted calories counting, gyms, and meals replacement. Frequent referral sources were friends (37.8%) and Internet (32.1%). Most UAE adults had WM goals that were associated with sociodemographic variables and WM practices. Awareness about the ill-effects of unhealthy WM practices and importance of dietitian's consultation are imperative.
PMID: 29147582 [PubMed]
Impact of marital status on outcomes following ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med. 2017 Jul 22;:
Authors: Kim MH, Lee KM, Kim SJ, Kim SY, Park JS, Cho YR, Park K, Park TH, Kim YD, Serebruany V
BACKGROUND: Mood disorders, depression, and loneliness are established risk factors for thrombotic occlusions. Social relationships in general, and marital status in particular may play a role in predicting cardiovascular outcomes and survival after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), but the evidence is inconclusive especially in Asians.
METHODS: The Korean patients presented with STEMI (n=980) constituted married (n=780); or widowed, divorced, or single (WDS, n=200) groups. After the matching for age, and gender, the groups were matched 1:1, with each group containing 172 patients. Clinical characteristics and STEMI prognosis such as major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and death at 1year, in married versus WDS patients were collected, and retrospectively analyzed.
RESULTS: Overall, the total of 70 non-fatal MACE and 51 deaths occurred. At 1-year, the WDS patients exhibited significantly more MACE (44 vs.26; p=0.016), deaths (32 vs. 19; p=0.049) and shorter time to MACE occurrence (p=0.018), compared to the married patients. There were no differences in revascularization, cerebral infarction, cerebral bleeding, major bleeding, coronary artery bypass graft, early mortality and the overall survival between groups.
CONCLUSION: Marital status may be linked to 1-year MACE including survival following STEMI, while being married may improve vascular outcomes compared to WDS in Korean patients. Further larger cohort or/and uniformed national registry studies are required to validate these data, and expand the evidence beyond East Asians.
PMID: 29146553 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]