Curcumin Prevents Aflatoxin B₁ Hepatoxicity by Inhibition of Cytochrome P450 Isozymes in Chick Liver.
Toxins (Basel). 2016 Nov 10;8(11):
Authors: Zhang NY, Qi M, Zhao L, Zhu MK, Guo J, Liu J, Gu CQ, Rajput SA, Krumm CS, Qi DS, Sun LH
This study was designed to establish if Curcumin (CM) alleviates Aflatoxin B₁ (AFB₁)-induced hepatotoxic effects and to determine whether alteration of the expression of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) isozymes is involved in the regulation of these effects in chick liver. One-day-old male broilers (n = 120) were divided into four groups and used in a two by two factorial trial in which the main factors included supplementing AFB₁ (< 5 vs. 100 μg/kg) and CM (0 vs. 150 mg/kg) in a corn/soybean-based diet. Administration of AFB₁ induced liver injury, significantly decreasing albumin and total protein concentrations and increasing alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities in serum, and induced hepatic histological lesions at week 2. AFB₁ also significantly decreased hepatic glutathione peroxidase, catalase, and glutathione levels, while increasing malondialdehyde, 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine, and exo-AFB₁-8,9-epoxide (AFBO)-DNA concentrations. In addition, the mRNA and/or activity of enzymes responsible for the bioactivation of AFB₁ into AFBO-including CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2A6, and CYP3A4-were significantly induced in liver microsomes after 2-week exposure to AFB₁. These alterations induced by AFB₁ were prevented by CM supplementation. Conclusively, dietary CM protected chicks from AFB₁-induced liver injury, potentially through the synergistic actions of increased antioxidant capacities and inhibition of the pivotal CYP450 isozyme-mediated activation of AFB₁ to toxic AFBO.
PMID: 27834912 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]