Cybermedlife - Therapeutic Actions Aromatherapy


Inhalation of Roman chamomile essential oil attenuates depressive-like behaviors in Wistar Kyoto rats.

Abstract Title: Inhalation of Roman chamomile essential oil attenuates depressive-like behaviors in Wistar Kyoto rats. Abstract Source: Sci China Life Sci. 2017 May 16. Epub 2017 May 16. PMID: 28527112 Abstract Author(s): Yingying Kong, Ting Wang, Rong Wang, Yichuan Ma, Shanshan Song, Juan Liu, Weiwei Hu, Shengtian Li Article Affiliation: Yingying Kong Abstract: The idea of aromatherapy, using essential oils, has been considered as an alternative antidepressant treatment. In the present study, we investigated the effect of Roman chamomile essential oil inhalation for two weeks on depressive-like behaviors in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. We found that inhalation of either Roman chamomile or one of its main componentsα-pinene, attenuated depressive-like behavior in WKY rats in the forced swim test. Using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation analysis (iTRAQ), we found that inhalation of α-pinene increased expression of proteins that are involved in oxidative phosphorylation, such as cytochrome coxidase subunit 6C-2, cytochrome c oxidase subunit 7A2, ATPase inhibitor in the hippocampus, and cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6C-2, ATP synthase subunit e, Acyl carrier protein, and Cytochrome b-c1 complex subunit 6 in the PFC (prefrontal cortex). In addition, using the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction technique, we confirmed an increase of parvalbumin mRNA expression in the hippocampus, which was shown to be upregulated by 2.8-fold in iTRAQ analysis, in α-pinene treated WKY rats. These findings collectively suggest the involvement of mitochondrial functions and parvalbumin-related signaling in the antidepressant effect of α-pinene inhalation. Article Published Date : May 15, 2017

Comparisons for Effectiveness of Aromatherapy and Acupressure Massage on Quality of Life in Career Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Abstract Title: Comparisons for Effectiveness of Aromatherapy and Acupressure Massage on Quality of Life in Career Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Abstract Source: J Altern Complement Med. 2017 May 15. Epub 2017 May 15. PMID: 28504569 Abstract Author(s): Yu-Hsiu Kao, Yi-Ching Huang, Ue-Lin Chung, Wen-Ni Hsu, Yi-Ting Tang, Yi-Hung Liao Article Affiliation: Yu-Hsiu Kao Abstract: OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to compare the effectiveness of aromatherapy and acupressure massage intervention strategies on the sleep quality and quality of life (QOL) in career women. DESIGN: The randomized controlled trial experimental design was used in the present study. One hundred and thirty-two career women (24-55 years) voluntarily participated in this study and they were randomly assigned to (1) placebo (distilled water), (2) lavender essential oil (Lavandula angustifolia), (3) blended essential oil (1:1:1 ratio of L. angustifolia, Salvia sclarea, and Origanum majorana), and (4) acupressure massage groups for a 4-week treatment. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Short Form 36 Health Survey were used to evaluate the intervention effects at pre- and postintervention. RESULTS: After a 4-week treatment, all experimental groups (blended essential oil, lavender essential oil, and acupressure massage) showed significant improvements in sleep quality and QOL (p < 0.05). Significantly greater improvement in QOL was observed in the participants with blended essential oil treatment compared with those with lavender essential oil (p < 0.05), and a significantly greater improvement in sleep quality was observed in the acupressure massage and blended essential oil groups compared with the lavender essential oil group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The blended essential oil exhibited greater dual benefits on improving both QOL and sleep quality compared with the interventions of lavender essential oil and acupressure massage in career women. These results suggest that aromatherapy and acupressure massage improve the sleep and QOL and may serve as the optimal means for career women to improve their sleep and QOL. Article Published Date : May 14, 2017

The Effectiveness of Aromatherapy for Depressive Symptoms: A Systematic Review.

Abstract Title: The Effectiveness of Aromatherapy for Depressive Symptoms: A Systematic Review. Abstract Source: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2017 ;2017:5869315. Epub 2017 Jan 4. PMID: 28133489 Abstract Author(s): Dalinda Isabel Sánchez-Vidaña, Shirley Pui-Ching Ngai, Wanjia He, Jason Ka-Wing Chow, Benson Wui-Man Lau, Hector Wing-Hong Tsang Article Affiliation: Dalinda Isabel Sánchez-Vidaña Abstract: Background. Depression is one of the greatest health concerns affecting 350 million people globally. Aromatherapy is a popular CAM intervention chosen by people with depression. Due to the growing popularity of aromatherapy for alleviating depressive symptoms, in-depth evaluation of the evidence-based clinical efficacy of aromatherapy is urgently needed. Purpose. This systematic review aims to provide an analysis of the clinical evidence on the efficacy of aromatherapy for depressive symptoms on any type of patients. Methods. A systematic database search was carried out using predefined search terms in 5 databases: AMED, CINHAL, CCRCT, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO. Outcome measures included scales measuring depressive symptoms levels. Results. Twelve randomized controlled trials were included and two administration methods for the aromatherapy intervention including inhaled aromatherapy (5 studies) and massage aromatherapy (7 studies) were identified. Seven studies showed improvement in depressive symptoms. Limitations. The quality of half of the studies included is low, and the administration protocols among the studies varied considerably. Different assessment tools were also employed among the studies. Conclusions. Aromatherapy showed potential to be used as an effective therapeutic option for the relief of depressive symptoms in a wide variety of subjects. Particularly, aromatherapy massage showed to have more beneficial effects than inhalation aromatherapy. Article Published Date : Dec 31, 2016

Aromatherapy with two essential oils from Satureja genre and mindfulness meditation to reduce anxiety in humans.

Abstract Title: Aromatherapy with two essential oils from Satureja genre and mindfulness meditation to reduce anxiety in humans. Abstract Source: J Tradit Complement Med. 2017 Jan ;7(1):121-125. Epub 2016 Jun 27. PMID: 28053898 Abstract Author(s): Marilú Roxana Soto-Vásquez, Paúl Alan Arkin Alvarado-García Article Affiliation: Marilú Roxana Soto-Vásquez Abstract: The goal of this study was to verify whether association of aromatherapy with essential oils of Satureja brevicaly or Satureja boliviana and mindfulness meditation can reduce anxiety levels in humans. A randomized experimental trial was carried out with 108 participants who were divided into 6 groups, comprising a waiting list control group and five experimental groups. Aromatherapy was carried out by inhalation of essential oils while mindfulness intervention program was focused on"flow meditation". The anxiety index was evaluated by State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Measures were taken two times: pretest and posttest. State and Trait anxiety scores showed a decrease in posttest study phase in comparison with pretest in all experimental groups (p < 0.005), especially in those where aromatherapy and mindfulness meditation were used together. All Cohen's d scores were over to 1 that means a large size effect in anxiety variable. Percentages of change showed reductions of anxiety variable ranging between 20% and 47%. All treatments used isolated or associated, may be considered alternative treatment options for anxiety. Article Published Date : Dec 31, 2016

The effect of aromatherapy with lavender essence on severity of labor pain and duration of labor in primiparous women.

Abstract Title: The effect of aromatherapy with lavender essence on severity of labor pain and duration of labor in primiparous women. Abstract Source: Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2016 Nov ;25:81-86. Epub 2016 Aug 17. PMID: 27863615 Abstract Author(s): Mansoreh Yazdkhasti, Arezoo Pirak Article Affiliation: Mansoreh Yazdkhasti Abstract: OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Lavender essence inhalation on severity of labor pain and duration of labor. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This single-blind, randomized clinical trial was conducted on 120 pregnant women in two groups. The experimental group received 2 drops of Lavender essence inhaled at three stages (4-5, 6-7, 8-9 cm cervical dilation) and severity of the labor pain and duration of labor was measured before and after intervention. The control group was treated with distilled water as a placebo in the similar ways, too. RESULTS: The results showed that difference in the labor pain before and after intervention in two groups was significant (P = 0/001). But there was no difference in mean duration of the active phase and the second stage of labor between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Lavender essence aromatherapy may be an effective therapeutic option for pain management for women in labor. Article Published Date : Oct 31, 2016
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Therapeutic Actions Aromatherapy

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The Use of Aromatherapy for Postoperative Pain Management: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.

The Use of Aromatherapy for Postoperative Pain Management: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. J Perianesth Nurs. 2017 Dec;32(6):530-541 Authors: Dimitriou V, Mavridou P, Manataki A, Damigos D Abstract PURPOSE: Aromatherapy (AT) is a complementary therapy recently used in the perianesthetic period. However, the scientific data on its effectiveness are limited. The aim of this systematic review is to present and analyze the results of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that studied the effectiveness of AT as a complementary treatment for postoperative pain. DESIGN: PubMed and Cochrane Library databases were searched from 1965 to December 2015. Nine randomized controlled trials that met the inclusion criteria were eventually included. METHODS: The studies included a total of 644 patients, who underwent various types of surgeries. The modified Jadad scale with eight items was used for the methodological evaluation of the RCTs. FINDINGS: Five RCTs support AT, which can alleviate postoperative pain, whereas four found no statistically significant differences between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Although AT is presented as an inexpensive complementary treatment with a low rate of adverse effects that improves patient satisfaction, it cannot be determined that there is sufficient evidence to conclude its effectiveness as a nonpharmacologic approach to the reduction of postoperative pain intensity. PMID: 29157760 [PubMed - in process]